stuck in the mind Fidel, invincible at 90
The father of the Cuban revolution, the depicter of Cuba from engulf of the imperialist powers, Fidel Castro turned 90 on 13th August 2016. One of the most influential characters of the 20th century, Fidel due his deteriorating health condition, decided to put down the command in 2008. After him, his younger brother Raul Castro has taken the Presidency of Cuba.
After ruling Cuba for almost five decades, Fidel had earned gargantuan approbation as well as disparagement from different world leaders. Fidel has surely showed the world that it wasn’t unproblematic to confront him in any issue. He has given the Superpower USA a pretty stiff times throughout his reign.
The Cuban dictator was born in Biran, Cuba in 1926. His father, Angel, was a wealthy sugar plantation owner who was originally from Spain. His father mostly did his business with the Americans. His mother Lina Ruz Gonzalez, had been a maid to Angel’s first wife Maria. When Fidel was 15 years old, his father married his mother. Fidel grew up in a wealthy circumstances amid the poverty of Cuba. Castro was incalculably cerebral from his Childhood but more than studies, he liked sports. Fidel completed studies in law from University of Havana. From there only Fidel became engrossed in the Cuban nationalism. He was highly predisposed by the works of Karl Marx from his student life.
Castro was increasingly getting furious seeing the prevailing social injustice and by 1947 he traveled to Dominican Republic to Join an expedition of overthrowing the country’s dictator, Rafael Trujillo. In March 1952, General Fulgencio Batista led a coup d’état and successfully overthrew the government of Cuba. Batista became a dictator and maintained concrete relationship with elite Cuban and Americans. On July 26, 1953 , Castro along with his supporters attacked the Moncada military barracks in an attempt to Overthrow the Batista regime. The attacked was a failure and Fidel was imprisoned. His younger brother Raul was also included among the prisoners. He was released in 1955 with his supporters under an amnesty deal with the Batista government. Castro met with other Cuban exiles and the Argentinean Ernesto Che Guevara who believed the only way to fight the plight of the pauper Latin America’s mass was armed revolution. Che and Castro’s friendship from there would become brainwave for the generations to come. Castro’s increasingly growing forces waged a guerrilla war against the Batista regime, building resistance in cities and towns of Cuba. Castro was finally able to overthrow the oppressive government of Batista. Fidel took the control of Cuba at the age of 32.
Castro took all the obligatory steps to camber the USA dominance in Cuba. His far reaching reforms nationalized the factories and plantations. American companies felt the negative effects of his policies and soon there was trouble in the Cuba-USA relations. Castro’s government started to have a warm relation with the Soviet Union. The USSR sent delegates to help Castro to organize Cuba’s defense committee. In 1960, Cuba signed a trade agreement with the USSR and start importing oil from USSR. The US owned refineries refused to process oil in Cuba. Fidel expropriated them. In counter USA cut sugar export from Cuba. That was the start of the economic conflict between the countries.
The year 1961 was a significant one for Cuba. On January 3, 1961 US president Eisenhower broke all the diplomatic relations with Cuba. In the month of April Castro declared Cuba a socialist state. Few days later some 1400 Cuban exiles led an attack in order to overthrow the Castro government. The insurgency was a disaster, resulting in hundreds of them dead and a thousand was captured. Castro suspected USA intelligence behind it and later it was revealed that Eisenhower government was involved in the conspiracy. On May 1 , Castro denounced American imperialism and put an end to the democracy in Cuba. He declared himself as Marxist-Leninist and announced that the economic and politics of Cuba will in the communist lines. On February 1962, the USA government imposed a full embargo on Cuba, a policy that continues to this day.
After what happened at the Bay of the pigs, Castro and Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschev planned to place nuclear missiles in Cuba, just 90 miles off the coast of Florida. President John. F. Kennedy responded bu demanding the removal of the missiles immediately. Khruschev, Kennedy and their agents agreed to remove the missiles in exchange for the United state’s Public agreement not to invade Cuba.
Within a few years Castro supported a lot of Arm struggles around the world against the imperialism. In 1967, he formed an organization to foster the revolutions in Latin American countries. In the 1970’s Castro continued to establish that, he was a leading spokesperson of the third world countries by providing military support to Pro-Soviet countries like Angola, Ethiopia and Yemen. By the time Castro was target of numerous assassination plots which is according to the Cuban intelligence service 638 times and he survived all of them.
Castro’s regime has increased the literacy rate of Cuba extraordinarily which is 98 percent. Cubans are enjoying the universal health- care system. But still the civil liberties were interfered in a remarkable way.
Labor unions lost their rights to strike, independent newspapers were shut down and religious freedoms were restricted.
In 1991 after the USSR dismantled, the Cuban economy faced a real challenge. Without the cheap oil import from Soviet Union and losing the sugar market put the economy in crisis.
Cuban unemployment and inflation grew. But Castro handled the situation solidly and asked USA to lift the embargo. USA refused his request and that made Castro to adopt a Quasi-free market economy.
In his elongated and noteworthy political career, there were ups and downs. But he never gave up his ideologies during his hard-hitting times. Castro was as unyielding as rock to deal with inauspicious situations, Most of the time he triumphed and but he tasted failure too. He received applause for his extraordinariness and all revulsion from diverse parts of the world. But he undeniably put his mark as a living prodigy of the last century. In the history of 20th century politics, Fidel will be unassailable.