Shaheen Khandaker for DOT
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable.
TB is spread from person to person through the air. When people with lung TB cough, sneeze or spit, they propel the TB germs into the air. A person needs to inhale only a few of these germs to become infected.
About one-quarter of the world’s population has latent TB, which means people have been infected by TB bacteria but are not (yet) ill with the disease and cannot transmit the disease.
250-bed TB hospital in Shyamoli, Dhaka started its operation in 2017. However, the Project Director said that 150 beds are now operational in the facility.
There is a little chance of getting infected with TB even if bacteria proliferate in the lungs, said Dr Md Abu Raihan, deputy director of the TB hospital.
Currently, there are 2,23,922 TB patients in the country. Of them, 9700 patients are MDR-TB.
Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a form of tuberculosis infection caused by bacteria that are resistant to treatment with at least two of the most powerful first-line anti-TB medications.