Historical events on July 12
1472: Richard Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester and later King of England, marries Anne Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick, in Westminster Abbey.
1543: England’s King Henry VIII weds Catherine Parr (6th & last wife).
1918: Artist Pablo Picasso (36) marries ballet dancer Olga Khokhlova (27).
1916: Joseph Dunn (14) is attacked by a shark, suffering non-fatal wounds in New Jersey, the final episode in a spate of shark attacks along the Jersey coast where 4 people died over 12 days.
1843: Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy.
1998: FIFA World Cup Final, Stade de France, Saint-Denis: Zinadine Zidane scores twice as France wins first World Cup beating Brazil, 3-0.
1679: Britain’s King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined by a court.
1690: Battle of Boyne: in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II.
1790: French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is adopted, putting the Catholic Church in France under the control of the state.
1804: Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a pistol duel by Vice President Aaron Burr.
(Source: On This Day)