The Role of India in Peaceful Resettlement of Rohingya Crisis
Niamot Ali Enayet writes for DOT :
Since August 25, 2018, the world has experienced one of the largest and fastest forced migrations in the history. The entire group is known as Rohingya which is considered one of the most persecuted communities in the globe defined by United Nations Commission for Human Rights (UNCHR). These stateless communities figure out over one million migrated within a couple of months from Rakhine state of Myanmar to nearest border of Cox`s Bazar, Bangladesh. As India is hoped to be interested to solve the crisis, and Bangladesh is also looking back to the safe, secure and sustainable return of the Rohingyas, India is extremely reticent about her state affairs on the Rohingya crisis that the country did not take any firm stance on the issue. Due to the reticence, India`s image is substantially impacting on the regional order. The world communities are expecting higher from India, the country needs to a provocative role in resolving the crisis. Bangladesh is interested to highlight the role of India in the peaceful resettlement of Rohingya crisis by mentioning that Bangladesh is expecting bilateral solutions in association with Indian supports.
For various reasons, the entire Rohingya communities are treated against Myanmar’s national security. This is why the persecution of the Rohingyas has been committed by the Myanmar army and other security forces. Analysis of the situation of Myanmar has found strong evidence of genocide against the Rohingya population. These people are a stateless Indo-Aryan-speaking people settle in Rakhine State. The Rohingya population has been denied for full citizenship under the 1982 Myanmar nationality law. The laws effectively deny to the Rohingya the possibility of acquiring a nationality. They faced direct and systematic violence, forcefully ousted from their homeland for the half-century-long state-sponsored policy and oppression and exclusion.
In Bangladesh, now we’re faced with the largest forced movement of over 1.1 million traumatized Rohingyas in the shortest time. They’ve been forcibly displaced from their homes in Rakhine State of Myanmar where they had been living for centuries (Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at UN Headquarters).
It is reported that about 80 percent of Rohingya community forcefully fled from their home to neighboring Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia, India and other areas, and many of them have been termed as the crime against humanity and war crimes by International bodies. The Rohingya communities are an unbearable burden because the problem was created by the Myanmar government.
India has historical relations with Myanmar as China. Because of Her political and economic position are important for Myanmar, the role of India is also crucial for Myanmar too on the questions of ethnic minorities. Both of the countries are sharing a common border with the North-East part of India close to China. Indian economic relation with Myanmar is also increasing day by day. Despite the crisis, India has been forthcoming with its support for the refugees in terms of food supplies. The external affairs, directed by SushmaSwaraj, has declared maximum support for Bangladesh in tackling the humanitarian crisis. Her department highlighted the need for the safe, speedy and sustainable return of displaced persons to Rakhine state. At the same time, the Indian counterpart mentioned that the only long-term solution to the situation in Rakhine State is rapid socio-economic and infrastructure development that would have a positive impact on all the communities living in the State. As the Rohingya intersects with regional conflict and security in South-East Asia along with its multi-faceted issues, South Asian peace and its regional integration will be hampered due to the crisis occurred during Myanmar’s economic and political transition collaborated with India and China. Importantly, peace in South Asia will be dependent on the treatment is given for the minorities across the countries, especially the Rohingya issue will remain unresolved.
The writer is a Lecturer. He teaches at the Department of Development Studies, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh; he can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org