Is Kazi Nazrul a communist?
Dr. Forqan Uddin Ahmed, Former Deputy General and Commandant, Ansar VDP Academy : Kazi Nazrul Islam is our national poet. He spoke for our nationalism. His idea of nationalism developed with the fusion of communism. He was guided by Muzaffar Ahmed, a renowned communist in this sub-continent. Muzaffar was the bosom friend of Kazi Nazrul and the founder of Communist Party in India.
Possibly nobody had the contribution for Kazi Nazrul Islam, but the very name Muzaffar Ahmed was an exception in his life. Nazrul not only got the lesson of non-communalism from Muzzaffar Ahmed but also achieved the concept of equalization irrespective of poor and rich.
Being attracted by Muzaffar Ahmed and communist manifesto, Kazi Nazrul thought to join the communist party. In the long run he did not join the party as he was vagabond or bohemian by nature. So he could not follow the rules & regulation of the party. Nazrul used to live on his own whim and was characterized with endless human love and feelings. He could understand that there will not be any disparity among men. He had the belief that the poor would be fed twice although he was not thorough in line with Marx’s theory.
In Indian Congress, Hementa Kumar Sarker & Kutubuddin was his friend. With a view to liberate the masses, Kazi Nazrul with the help of his friends tried to form a new party called Labour Swaraj, which was a pro-public party and meant for the welfare of the farmers and the workers. Meanwhile, he published a weekly journal ‘Langol’. Kazi Nazrul Islam composed a set of poems related to communism and all these were printed & published in the first edition of the journal. In these poems he spoke of God, His justice and the common people.
Kazi Nazrul was a spokesman of Hindu Muslim community, too. He did not express any hatred towards any religion and he clearly announced that any heinous act in the name of religion could not be tolerated. Nazrul was again the advocate of the working class. He advised people to honour the working class.
He tried to make the Hindu-Muslim unity. He made several speeches so that Hindus and Muslims do not confront. He was a harbinger for their unification. Nazrul believed that if the Hindus and the Muslims have their unity, mutual help and live in harmony, the society will develop and there will be no more communalism.
There will be no class struggle, class difference and nasty competition about self-interest. Nazrul believed the saying- ‘unity is strength.’ It is true that only the power of unity or the force of togetherness will help people succeed. By division, people fall to awkward situation and face troubles. Nazrul was vehemently criticized it, urging people not to misunderstand and harass him. Nazrul did all these things only for the betterment of the two communities.
In 1929, Nazrul in a meeting in Chittagong spoke for the women emancipation. In another meeting, he advised the youth to resist and uproot the narrow idea from society, suggesting to be active and energetic. He was always dedicated to the interest of the farmers, workers and fishermen and he was always uncompromising against the conspiracy and decision of the orthodox. He always spoke for peace and progress for society, wrote a set of poems in a book titled ‘Samyabadi’. He believed that irrespective of caste and creed, every man is equal and there is no difference from one man to another. From these poems, we can understand the depth of his communism and assess how caring he was about the neglected. In his poem ‘Eid Moon’, Nazrul he highlighted the lower class people and told them to be united with new inspiration. In other poems Nazrul, also spoke for the amazing power of the proletariat. Later in a gathering organized by the leftist parties in Kushtia, Nazrul rendered songs for the audience. The next day Muzaffar Ahmed came back to Kalkata but poet Nazrul spent some days in Kushtia. After that, Muzaffar Ahmed was arrested, causing Nazrul to start his new journey to the world of songs. He concentrated on songs and before he fell sick, the poet he again travelled to the field of communism for some days.
Nazrul left us an area of classicism, romanticism and realism which will touch us, help us realize and inspire us to be creative, awakening and active from generation to generation. We express our gratitude to the sharp and shining personality. We also owe to his non-communal and liberal activities for which our geography may have an enlightening status in the long run.