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    National budget must not be imposed but be prudent


Dr Muhammad Abdul Mazid,former Secretary to the Government and former Chairman NBR
National budget must not be imposed but be prudent


OurtimeBD.com
09.05.2018

Dr Muhammad Abdul Mazid

The Suppli-mentary Budget for the FY 2017-18  and Proposed Budget for FY 2018-19 are under preparation in the kitcehen of the Ministry of Finance. According to the legislative rules and procedure, the Supplimentary Budget will be cleared within a week after it is placed and the Proposed Budget  will be passed by Parliament by June 30 for the ‘assent’ of the Honble President of the Republic. Constitutionally Bangladesh budget is an ‘ Annual Financial Statement ‘ that should be recommended by the President for placing before the parliament and finally it must have his assent. In particular, the placing of Supplimentary Budget and its passage has got a very specific provision like , The Suppli-mentary Budget for the FY 2017-18  and Proposed Budget for FY 2018-19 are under preparation in the kitcehen of the Ministry of Finance. According to the legislative rules and procedure, the Supplimentary Budget will be cleared within a week after it is placed and the Proposed Budget  will be passed by Parliament by June 30 for the ‘assent’ of the Honble President of the Republic. Constitutionally Bangladesh budget is an ‘ Annual Financial Statement ‘ that should be recommended by the President for placing before the parliament and finally it must have his assent. In particular, the placing of Supplimentary Budget and its passage has got a very specific provision like , “91. If in respect of any financial year it is found –• that the amount authorised to be expended for a particular service for the current financial year is insufficient or that a need has arisen for expenditure upon some new service not included in the annual financial statement for that year; or that any money has been spent on a service during a financial year in excess of the amount granted for that service for that year; n the President shall have power to authorise expenditure from the Consolidated Fund whether or not it is charged by or under the Constitution upon that Fund and shall cause to be laid before Parliament a supplementary financial statement setting out the estimated amount of the expenditure or, as the case may be, an excess financial statement setting out the amount of the excess, and the provisions of articles 87 to 90 shall (with the necessary adaptations) apply in relation to those statements as they apply in relation to the annual financial statement.”And in line with the quoted constitutional spirit, the Rules of Procedure of the Bangladesh Parliament has the provisions like
“123. Supplementary, excess and exceptional grants and votes of credit
Supplementary, excess and exceptional grants and votes of credit shall be regulated by the same procedure as is applicable in the case of demands for grants subject to such adaptations, whether by way of modification, addition or omission, as the Speaker may deem necessary or expedient.
124.Scope of discussion on supplementary grants
The debate on the supplementary grants shall be confined to the items constituting the same and no discussion may be raised on the original grants nor policy underlying them save in so far as it may be necessary to explain or illustrate the particular items under discussion.”Under this guidance nation seldom see any detailed discussion or debate on the Supplementary Budget placed in the parliament. It is cleared by the legislature mostly within next week of its placement. Traditionally in this part of our world Budget are prepared by Ministry of Finance , endorsed by Parliament without significant scrutiny ,implemented by different ministries and agencies of the government with not much adherence as it was, prima facie , not proposed by them and again Parliament accept the Supplementary Budget in a smooth way. Budget, apart from an outline of strategic plan and roadmap for development and non development fiscal measures, is a fundamental memorandum of understanding both side between the citizen and the government and both are legally bound to each other for its proper implementation. Both the government and citizens are represented in the Parliament by the elected representatives , so the representatives are highly expected to have active participation in the budget making, passing and overseeing its implementation.


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