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“Leadership and good governance- A review and analysis”

Dr. Forqan Uddin Ahmed

The concept of leadership and governance encompass strategic direction, plans and politics, effective oversight, regulation, motivation and partnerships that integrate all health systems building blocks to achieve results. Without effective leadership and good governance at all levels in private, public and civil organizations, it is arguably virtually impossible to achieve and to sustain effective administration, to achieve goals, to sustain quality and deliver first-rate services. The increasing complexities and requirements arising from the constant change in society, coupled with the constant push for higher levels of productivity, require effective and ethical leadership. Good governance and effective-ethical leadership are the essential requirements for an organization to be considered successful in the eyes of all stakeholders in the 21st century.Although the concept of leadership is as old as human history, interest in leadership increased during the early part of the twentieth century. Various theories of leadership has emerged and contributed much of the development of leadership concept. After a long struggle, Bangladesh came in to being. Behind its birth, there lies on immense leadership quality of the father of the nation. The harbinger of nationalistic movement is none but Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. AS a blind love, all the Bangalees took part in liberation war and by sacrificing their lives they liberated Bangladesh. After independence, Sheikh Mujib and his party Awami League got the peoples mandate in election and formed the government His govt. exercises power for three and half years before the assassination of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman through a military coup. After the death of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Awami League had not been in power for long 21 years. From this, we can understand the importance of leader and leadership in politics. In India also the fall of congress and the power formation like BJP has become possible only because of the absence of leader like Jowhorlal Neheru. Many developing countries suffer for crisis of good leadership.Recently the terms “governance” and “good governance” are being increasingly used in development literature. Bad governance is increasingly regarded as one of the root cause of all evil within our societies. Since governance is the process of decision making and the process by which decision are implemented, an analysis of governance focuses on the formal and informal actors involved in decision making and implementing the decisions made and the formal and informal structures that have been set in place to arrive at an implement of decision.
The concept of good governance is commonly used in the late nineties of the last century and especially by the world Bank and UNDP. Various UN committees have also recognized the importance of good governance in their work. Various literatures reveal that a team is recognized by the leadership qualities and skills that are associated with its leader. Hence, it can be considered that if a leader is not performing up to the required standard, the team will obviously not give out their best as well. The main aspects that leaders should consider are the leadership qualities and skills. In order for a process to successful, it is very important that it is given under charge to an effective leader who has all the leadership qualities and skills.According to UNDP and World Bank, Good Governance has eight principles/characteristics.
These are:- Participation, rule of law, transparency, responsiveness, consensus oriented, equity and inclusiveness, effectiveness and efficiency, accountability. The current situation shows that without effective leadership and good governance at all levels in private, public and civil organizations, it is arguably virtually impossible to achieve and to sustain effective administration, to achieve goals, to sustain quality and deliver first-rate services. There is a direct link between good governance, effective leadership, time management and economic prosperity. Managing changes in times must be emphasized and prioritized. Effective leadership and good governance are two sides of the same coin. The two have many elements in common. Without an effective leadership we may not envisage good governance in its totality, in fact good governance may not be achieved in its totality because of cultural, psychological, social and sociological impacts and differences. Its implementation and perception also varies in line with the level of development and demands of the society. Due to this, the practice shows that very few countries and societies have come close to achieving good governance in its totality. As the leadership is the leadership of influencing people to strive willingly for mutual objective and leadership refers to the quality of the behavior of individuals whereby they guide people of their activities in organized effort, so without good leadership governance and good governance is absurd and impossible. From this analysis we come to the conclusion that a country develops by its leaders. Where there is correct leadership development will be ensured. Though Bangladesh time and again faced strong difficulties in development only due to the crisis of leadership. Today this scenario has been changed. The able leadership of present prime minister Sheikh Hasina is directing and leading the country towards a sustainable development goal and digital Bangladesh.

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